Research Interests

From water reuse in California to resource-oriented sanitation in South Africa, Dr. Bischel is interested in safe and efficient reuse of water resources and sustainable sanitation to improve environmental and human health.

Dr. Bischel conducted her Postdoctoral work in the Laboratory of Environmental Chemistry at EPFL. As part of the Valorisation of Urine Nutrients in Africa (VUNA) project, she has worked in collaboration with the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (Eawag), eTheKwini Water and Sanitation (EWS), and the University of Kwa-Zulu Natal ( The VUNA project aimed to develop a decentralized sanitation system to recover nutrients from urine in Durban, South Africa that is affordable for the poor, produces a valuable fertilizer, and reduces environmental pollution.

Previously, she evaluated management challenges for water reuse implementation in California, opportunities to enhance ecosystems and public good through streamflow augmentation with recycled water, and mechanisms behind the bioaccumulation of perfluoroalkyl chemicals.

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